Skip to main content

Full text of "A history of Persia"

See other formats

completely failed in his attempt to reunite the Persians
with the Turks, and as he was hated by all good Shias
his position was by no means enviable.
However, he was able to inflict one more crushing
defeat on the Turks, who were encouraged by the internal
state of Persia to risk another trial of strength. For a
long time nothing decisive happened, the Turks acting on
the defensive with success at Mosul, Kars and elsewhere,
while the Persians lost thousands of men in unsuccessful
Finally, in A.H. 1158 (1745), a large Turkish army,
under Yakan Mohamed Pasha, advanced from Kars
prepared to fight a battle. Nadir, whose skill as a
tactician had not been impaired, resolved to meet this
great host on the same ground on which he had defeated
Abdulla Pasha. The Turkish leader, advancing at the
head of one hundred thousand cavalry and forty thousand
infantry, halted close to the Persian army and fortified his
camp. The next day the two armies met, and after a
series of combats extending over four days the Persians
gained a most decisive victory. The Turks were driven
back to their camp, where they murdered their general,
and then fled in hopeless disorder. Nadir captured the
whole of the artillery and military stores, and many
thousands of the enemy were killed or made prisoners.
After this brilliant success fresh proposals for peace were
made by the victors. Nadir agreed to waive his pretensions
concerning the new sect, the prisoners were released, and
peace was made on the terms fixed in the treaty with
Murad IV.
The Pioneer Journeys of Elton, 1739-1742.—In Chapters
LXIL and LXIV. an epitome was given of early efforts
to trade with Persia across Russia in the sixteenth and
seventeenth centuries. Peter the Great, realizing that
his subjects were incapable of organizing commerce with
Persia, made overtures to Englishmen to undertake the
work, but with his death the scheme fell through. A
few years later, in 1738, or just a century after the
Holstein Mission, an attempt was made by John Elton
to revive the scheme. This intrepid Englishman had